Vitrectomy surgery involves a procedure in which the vitreoretinal surgeon enters the middle cavity (vitreous body) of the eye. The vitreous is removed and replaced with a clear balanced salt solution. Diseases of the vitreous and retina such as retinal detachment, diabetic retinopathy, epiretinal membrane, macular hole, and vitreous opacity can then be corrected.
Virectomy surgery is an outpatient procedure usually performed under local anesthesia. A high power operating microscope is required, and very small instruments are introduced into the main cavity of the eye through small, self-sealing incisions.
Vitrectomy surgery has advanced tremendously in the past 30 years. Today, small sutureless incisions, fine forceps, and lasers have made vitrectomy surgery effective at treating many vitreoretinal disorders.
Vitreous surgery has risks which should be discussed with your physician.