Blunt trauma usually occurs when the eye is hit by a large, non-penetrating object such as a baseball, fist, or airbag.
Corneal Abrasions are scratches to the front surface of the eye. Treatment includes antibiotic ointment and sometimes patching until the abrasion heals.
Traumatic Uveitis is inflammation within the anterior chamber secondary to blunt trauma. Topical Steroids are used to reverse the inflammation.
Hyphema is bleeding in the anterior chamber of the eye. Steroids, dilating drops, and a shield are used to facilitate healing.
Ruptured Globe occurs when the eye wall becomes ruptured. Surgical closure of the wound is necessary to save the eye.
Orbital Wall Fractures are breaks in the thin bone that surround the eye. Surgical repair is indicated when muscle entrapment causes double vision or when the eye is pushed backward.
Choroidal Rupture is tearing or splitting of the choroid, the deep layer beneath the retina. Blood often collects beneath the retina. Scarring usually develops in the site of choroidal rupture. When the macula is involved, vision is usually decreased.
Macular Holes sometimes develop following blunt trauma. Vitrectomy is necessary to close hole and restore vision.