Patients with elevated intraocular pressure can have their pressure lowered by performing a procedure called selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT).
Prolonged elevation of intraocular pressure causes damage to the eye, and loss of vision. This condition is called glaucoma. Individuals with glaucoma must be followed closely, and their intraocular pressure must be maintained in a safe range to avoid future loss of vision. Lowering intraocular pressure can be done by eye drops, surgery, or selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT).
SLT is an in office procedure in which a laser is applied to the eye. The laser improves outflow through the trabecular meshwork, where fluid is drained from the eye. This causes a lowering of the intraocular pressure.
Studies have shown that SLT can lower eye pressure as effectively as a glaucoma drop. Effects of SLT can wane over years, but the procedure can be repeated if necessary. SLT appears to be extremely safe. SLT is an important alternative for people who are worsening in spite of drops, or wish to avoid the cost, side effects, and inconvenience of eye drops.