Most Retinal Detachments occur following a retinal tear that allows fluid to move between the retina and the eye wall. In the area where the retina is detached, vision is lost. Retinal detachments are more common in the elderly, nearsighted people, individuals who have had eye surgery, or those who have experienced eye trauma. Retinal detachments often run in families.
Symptoms of retinal detachment may include flashes, floaters, or a dark curtain that causes loss of peripheral or central vision. Individuals who experience any of these conditions should consult with an eye doctor immediately. If a retinal detachment is discovered, surgical repair is critical to prevent permanent loss of vision.
The techniques used to repair a retinal detachment include scleral buckling, vitrectomy, or pneumatic retinopexy. More than one technique may be used during a procedure. Depending upon the nature of the retinal detachment, the eye physician will determine the best repair methodology. Surgery is out-patient, meaning no overnight stay, usually performed using local anesthesia.
Using advanced equipment and modern techniques, the majority of retinal detachments can be successfully repaired. Visual improvement may be immediate or might take many months. The amount of vision recovered is variable, depending on many factors. Because the duration of a retinal detachment is a critical aspect in visual recovery, urgent evaluation is recommended..